By Hussaini Ibrahim, Gusau
Hon Commissione r for health Zamfara State, Alhaji Yahaya Muhammad Kanoma has disclosed that tuberculosis treatment centers have ben increased to 367 in the state
The Commissioner spoke today at press inference held in Gusau to Mark the world TB day.
According to him ,uberculosis (TB), one of the world’s deadliest infectious disease killers, is caused by the bacterium (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) that most often affects the lungs. It can spread when people who are sick with TB expel bacteria into the air.
Zamfara State TB and Leprosy Control Programme, along with our partners and colleagues around the world share successes in TB prevention and control and raise awareness of the challenges that hinder our progress toward the elimination of this devastating disease.
The theme for this year, 2021 is “Clock is ticking” This is to reflect the statement of Director-General of WHO, Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus“ who said “Equitable access to quality and timely diagnosis, prevention, treatment and care of TB remains a challenge, and therefore, “Accelerated action is urgently needed worldwide if we are to meet our targets by 2022.”
Approximately 1.4 million people died from TB-related illnesses in 2019 alone, out of the estimated 10 million people who suffered from the disease that year. About 14 million people were treated for TB in the period 2018-2019, just over one-third of the way towards the 5-year target (2018-2022) of 40 million, according to the report. Some 6.3 million people started TB preventive treatment in 2018-2019, about one-fifth of the way towards the 5-year target of 30 million
He added that “Since 2008 till date, over a million Nigerians have been successfully treated for TB. We have also recorded good case holding as evidenced by a Treatment success rate (TSR) consistently above 80% for the past 5 years. We are intensifying efforts to ensure Universal Health Coverage with TB services.”
According to him,the 2019 Global TB report, Nigeria is ranked number one in Africa and globally sixth amongst the 30 high TB burden countries and is also among the 14 countries in the world with the triple high burden of TB, TB/HIV and Drug Resistant TB (DR-TB). It is estimated that 429,000 people in Nigeria have TB each year.
In order to make substantial progress towards meeting the global target for Ending the TB in 2030, all stakeholders must join hand together with Government to adopt a multi sectorial approach towards TB control particularly in addressing the issue of the 24%, low case finding, 30% low awareness of TB among the general populace, and 25% Universal Health facility coverage, and the 40% Gene Xpert coverage of the LGAs.
During the year 2021, the Zamfara government and its partners have been able to expand its TB Treatment Centers from 244 to 367 including all the Private health facilities in the state.
TB diagnostic centers also increased from 147 to 173 centers including the private laboratories in the state in addition to the seven gene Xpert sites. A total of twenty thousand nine hundred and ninety seven (20,997) people have been tested for TB, out of which two thousand five hundred and forty two (2542) have been confirmed (TB cases) to have TB in the State in the year 2020.
” Among these cases, thirty one were drugs resistant TB and fifty one (51) TB/HIV cases. It is important to note that TB diagnosis and treatment is free in all the centers across the state
We are much aware of the challenges affecting TB programme in Nigeria, Zamfara state inclusive. These challenge that which includes; under funding, low awareness of TB disease among the general population, few Gene-Xpert (7) testing centers in the state among others.
We remain grateful for His Excellency the Executive Governor Alh. Bello Matawalle Maradum for all the support in TB care and treatment in the State.